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Common mistakes by English learners: Raise/bring up/grow/grow up


I hear this mistake all the time in class and now I will set the record straight! 
➡ Grow = to increase in size or height/plants develop 
– Puppies grow so fast when they are young 
– These plants grow better if you don’t put Domestos on them. 
– “Money doesn’t grow on trees” 
✅ You CAN say: I like to grow plants and flowers (as a hobby) 
🚧 You CAN’T say: I grow my children (that means they live in the garden and you pour water on them) 
Grow can also be passive: These plants were grown outside. 
➡ Grow up (intransitive verb) = mature in age (a person) 
– My kids are growing up so fast these days. 
– Stop being an idiot! Just grow up, grandpa! 
– I grew up in London 
Because this verb is intransitive, it CAN’T be passive. 
✅ You CAN say: I was brought up in London 
🚧 You CAN’T say: I was grown up in London (Horrible English!)

And you can only grow up YOURSELF.
✅ You CAN say: Joining the army made me really grow up! (correct) 
✅ You CAN say: My 10 kids grew up in a loving family (correct) 
🚧 You CAN’T say: I grew up 10 children alone (wrong! Better: bring up/raise) 

➡ Raise and bring up = to feed, clothe, educate, discipline, teach respect from a baby to adult 
Raise is the more formal version of the phrasal verb bring up. They mean the same. And both can be active and passive: 
– I was raised in the forest by wolves 
– I was brought up by 3 magic fairies. 
– I raised 10 children by only giving them grechka. 
– Bringing up children can be very hard. 
– Raising children can be very hard. 
We can convert the phrasal verb into a useful noun: Upbringing. 
– I had a fantastic upbringing; I got everything I wanted. 
● So, compare the following: 
I was raised in London 
I was brought up in London 
I was grown in London 
I was grown up in London 

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